Child care, or the care of children is defined as the total care of the child from before birth to independence; care which encompasses the child’s total physical, social, emotional, intellectual, moral and spiritual development.


Principle 2:

The child shall enjoy special protection, and shall be given opportunities and facilities by law and by other means, to enable him to develop physically, mentally, morally, spiritually and socially in a healthy and normal manner and in conditions of freedom and dignity. In the enactment of laws for this purpose, the best interests of the child shall be the paramount consideration.

Principle 4:

The child shall enjoy the benefits of social security. She shall be entitled to grow and develop in health, to this end, special care and protection shall be provided both to her and to her mother, including adequate pre-natal and post-natal care. The child shall have the right to adequate nutrition, housing, recreation and medical services.

Principle 6:

The child, for the full and harmonious development of her personality, needs love and understanding. She shall, wherever possible, grow up in the care and under the responsibility of her parents, and in any case, in an atmosphere of affection and of moral and material security; a child of tender years shall not, save in exceptional circumstances, be separated from her mother. Society and the public authorities shall have the duty to extend particular care to children without a family and to those without adequate means of support. Payment of State and other assistance towards the maintenance of children of large families is desirable.

Principle 7:

The child is entitled to receive education, which shall be free and compulsory, at least in the elementary stages. She shall be given an education which will promote her general culture, and enable her, on a basis of equal opportunity, to develop her abilities, her individual judgement, and her sense of moral and social responsibility, and to become a useful member of society.

The best interests of the child shall be the guiding principle of those responsible for her education and guidance: that responsibility lies in the first place with her parents.

The child shall have full opportunity for play and recreation, which should be directed to the same purposes as education. Society and the public authorities shall endeavour to promote the enjoyment of this right.